Hygiene medieval queens. Are our powers in stank?
- In the early Middle Ages, bathing was prohibited on Sundays and holidays. All this would not detract from the spiritual matters
- A special love of dirt stood two Polish princes and holy: and King Jadwiga
- In later times, medieval rulers did not have to remind you about the bath. Piast and the Jagiellonian for visits in the bath were a regular part of hygiene
- Also cared about the purity of thoughts in their bed. The then guides emphasized that physical proximity is the pleasant, the less repulsive odor lovers
Medieval Church distinguished hygienic and medical needs associated with bathing, from entertainment and pleasure, which often enjoy the baths. He not called for excessive taking care of themselves. In the early Middle Ages baths they were forbidden even on Sundays and holidays. All this would not detract from the spirit of things. “What we are we to say of those who care to keep their dresses well pachły; […] to the hair żegadłem capped; eat spices that paragraph the pachło; squeeze the neck and legs, and their garments all the blood and sweat of the poor” – thundered Maciej preacher from the pulpit of the prince.
Dirty body – pure soul
Example often followed in advance, the holy and blessed of ascetic and ascetek, falling into a love dirt. They imitated their powers in medieval Polish, especially in the thirteenth century. Fashion embody a far-reaching restraint became our two princesses and a holy King, wife of Boleslaw the Chaste, Duke of Cracow and Sandomierz and Jadwiga, wife of Prince Henry the Bearded Wroclaw.
The first of them, as we read in their lives, not abandoned virginity, even in marriage. For beauty did not attach much importance unless, since “when she was praised for her beauty, brukała and face them with the ointment.” What’s more, “has never been taking relief in the tank or in the bath, nor any water not bathed face, but on the occasion of communion or in great need.”
In turn, the Duchess of Silesia after the fulfillment of the obligation to extend the family forced the end of the marriage and her husband hid in a monastery. She lived there as a nun, mortified and starving. Totally did not care to wash sometimes bare feet with a thick layer of mud. She found that the use of water, bathed in the nun’s legs. Namely … “his face and head and pour their granddaughter bathed in that water.” And if they wash their face, are “coming towel wherewith [nuns] rubbed his hands where they were the dirtiest, she eats the eyes and put his mouth.”
Acana she calls together the water, already The heated bath!
These examples dissuasive not change the fact that even in the oldest communications relating to the history of the Slavs in the Middle Ages can be found mention of the baths. Using them considered the primary treatment for the body care. They were available for almost all – prices in the cities were not exorbitant. The royal family, the governor, the owner of the bath, members of the guilds and city council members have the right to free swimming.
Toll is lye, soap and later – in the XIV century in the vicinity of Plock already acted first soapboilers. The bath was taken in cebrach and tubs. Aristocracy applied herbs and rose petals, to give the body a pleasant smell beauty sites catalog. The wealthy used to build private “bath rooms.”
Device bath court between X and XIII age certainly nothing like the primitive stalls or baths łaziebnych ziemiankowych, which benefit from the lower layer. On podgrodziach baths miewały sizes even residential houses! This is demonstrated by excavation and Gnieźnieńskie Gdansk, wherein discovered baths respectively measuring 2.35 x 5 and 4.5 x 4.5 meters. And she looked like a bath in this medieval home spa? Imaging reconstruction is in the book “Life in a medieval castle” by Joseph and Frances Gies:
Baths were taken in a wooden tub, sheltered tent or canopy for convenience and sent canvas. Many also depend on the weather – warm days, often dipping vat placed in the garden, in the cold – in the room, next to the fire. On the other hand, when you’re traveling, washtub accompanied him along the way together with a special servant, who prepared everything.
A similar description can be found in written in the mid-fifteenth century to the advice and services of the pages by John Russell, steward at the court of the Duke of Gloucester. In the “Book of good manners” He devoted a separate chapter of the bath. What should he do well-trained servant, if you wanted to “clean wash his body?”
First, he had to protect bath, dangling from the ceiling saturated with the scent of fresh herbs and flowers sheets. He brought a sponge, on which his master could not resist or sit in the tub, and prepared a sheet to cover. Then wash the master with a soft sponge and hot brew cup full of fresh herbs, and then washed the hot water it rose. Finally wipe it dry and took to bed to prevent colds.
The Queen turnusie
Utartemu Contrary to belief, the powerful of the Middle Ages did not have to remind you of a bath or a beauty treatment. Often choosing a longer journey, they took with them a wooden tub. He did so in both English King John Without Land, and Polish – Wladyslaw Jagiello, who drove a favorite tub together in the shape of a horse.
Monarchs also could afford to put in the palace constant bathrooms. This bath house was, for example, at the residence of Henry III at Westminster. The royal couple will be able to use the supplied running water, as hot. It was drawn from tanks filled with water and heated in a special pitchers boiler.
It was no different in the case of the Piast and the Jagiellonian dynasty. And for them baths and regular visits to the baths were an indispensable element of hygiene. Dobrawa bathing pleasure, the wife of Mieszko I, described in the book “Iron Lady” Kamil Janicki. He stressed that the princess had probably a private sauna, which were placed in stone furnaces and water tanks.
Dobrawa was not the only Polish ruler enthusiast baths. Apparently in Busko, at the Norbertine sisters, he used the same medicinal ablution Queen Jadwiga. It may be that rich in bromine, iodine, iron and hydrogen sulfide enriched water for Queen yet thyme, mistletoe, periwinkle or siedmiopalecznikiem. Certainly, the smell was intoxicating, and the ritual very pleasant, the only question is, what was so Jadwiga West?
Queen worked … for the sake of the continuity of the family. Recall that their first and only child, who died a few weeks after the birth a daughter, she was born after many years of fruitless marriage with Jagiello. Bathing in healing waters could – according to contemporary beliefs – to remedy this “nakedness of infertility.” This opinion was confirmed anyway Bishop John Radlica, trustee queen and an excellent medic who served her father.
Clean teeth and … “Chamber of Venus”
Also cared about the purity of thoughts in their alcove. Concepts of courtly love and chivalry in force in the upper echelons been making the degree of attractiveness of personal hygiene. In many romances and collections of teachings of the era emphasized that physical proximity is the pleasant, the less repulsive odor lovers. Erasmus recommended to clean the teeth with toothpick mastykowca, pen or poultry bone. Trotula famous in the twelfth century, in turn, recommended that ladies use nutshells and mouthwash wine with a little salt. Also drew inspiration from the sage and paste from a variety of herbs and spices.
In the Middle Ages the specifics have already been used for hair removal and perfumes. The latter made from a flower oils, herbs and spices. Lives acquainted with them probably Dobrawa. Certainly he used them – also in the alcove – the wife of Boleslaw the Brave, Emnilda who love the whole arsenal of tricks influence the political decisions of her husband. What beauty treatments she used to keep her husband’s desire? They shed some light on it authors of “Life in a medieval castle”:
Mrs. able to arrange her hair, benefiting from the mirror. […] Despite strong opposition from preachers and moralists lady writers used different cosmetics: sheep fat, pink and bleach the skin, which gave her pink and white color.
In the interest of successful intercourse embarrassing to the other party and not shunned bath. Lover move on in the tub was Jagiello, who demanded her wherever arrived. Preserved repair bills and investments baths, which use. Czyściochem great, lubującym in the use of the bath (also in the morning, despite strict prohibitions medic), was also Casimir the Great.